escudo
escudo colombia
Facultad de Ciencias - Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
Common Names of Plants in Colombia
inicio
sedes
correo
pd
Cenefa
cabecinegro
purichingo
árnica
arrayán guayabo
teresita
loto
marañón
cresta de gallo
bejuco ortiga
pacó
tote
bombona
ortiga
burriadá
huevo de varraco
cucharo
corona de Cristo
coquito
bastón del emperador
yaco
rabo de zorro
coralito
taruya
aroma
granadilla de monte
pensamientos
uva
guásimo
barbasco
pacunga
uva de playa
sueldaconsuelda
acedera
helecho marranero
papayo
ortiga
macondo
floral
cabuya
frutilla
liberal
totiadera
gurguru
yuca
sanjoaquín
campanitas
mangle
coralillo
guaba
francesina
canastilla
patillita
olivo macho
suela
verbena negra
cacao
capuchina
mano de oso
cardita
abejín
lecho
nolocrea
guacamayo
ortiga
cortapicos
azuceno
sueldaconsuelda
melena
ahuyama
paja rosada
matricaria
clavellino
carbonero
badea
rabo de alacrán
clemón
cholupa
arizá
barrigona
helecho cola de pez
frailejón
borlita
huella de tigre
chitató
mabaco
bototo
copa de oro
araucaria
gaque
cañeja
cincollagas
palma de cera
cardosanto
albarico
gurrubo
haba
velacho
pacó amarillo
garcero
gallito
mermelada
altramuz
mangle piñuelo
gusanito
tabaco
bonche
holly
brillalasonce
pasto bufel
dalia
batatilla
tango
piña
venturosa
chontaduro
cedro
helecho pategallina
sauce playero
uña de gato
botoncillo
carácter del hombre
cabecinegroMelocactus curvispinus

This work brings together more than 18,000 common names used in Spanish to designate plants in Colombia, as well as some names in the Creole English of the Caribbean islands of San Andrés and Old Providence. It does not include names in the 64 Amerindian languages spoken in Colombia, as the appropriate documentation of those names requires detailed linguistic studies, and the use of specific writing systems, which in most cases are not yet standardized. On the other hand, available documentation on plant naming in many Amerindian groups is still scarce. Producing works similar to this one for aboriginal languages is a major task that should be undertaken as soon as possible.

This work is based on extensive field work, on abundant bibliographic references, and on herbarium specimens. It brings together the largest collection of Colombian plant common names ever documented.

All names recorded for each species are presented, providing information about the name’s origin, when known, and the regions where it is applied. For those species having several names, we have chosen one that is intended to serve as a national reference for the species. It is under that reference name that the description of the plant and its photographs are shown. These reference names are expected to facilitate the spread of plant knowledge across the country, while showing the diversity of names each species has.